Origin of America Roulette

American roulette can be called the younger sister of French roulette. It is mainly played in the United States, and its roots can be traced back to the classic game of roulette, with a few variations along the way to its present form. This original type of roulette is widely believed to have been invented by Blaise Pascal, the renowned scientist and mathematician.

The home of the first roulette wheel is believed to have stemmed from 17th century France when brothers Louis and Francois Blanc invented the original single-zero wheel. The wheel found its way into the United States late in the 19th century, where it underwent a few changes, foremost of which was the addition of a double zero. In the earliest versions of the American roulette wheel, the double zero took the form of an American eagle. This was how American roulette was born. It became very popular with Western gamblers, especially during the heydays of the California Gold Rush.

The game of roulette became so popular, in fact, that casino owners decided to add a zero to the wheel sections. The additional zero raised the odds of hitting the player's number from 1 out of 36 to 1 out of 37, therefore improving the odds for the house. Later on, American casino owners included another section to their version of the roulette wheel, this time with a double zero. The combination of the zero and double zero on the same roulette wheel further increased the odds for the house.

Popularity of the Roulette

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What makes roulette so popular? There are several reasons, but some aficionados say that the beauty of roulette rests in its simplicity and the myriad of gambling choices it offers the players. But that does n't mean that betting is standardised on all roulette tables. Every table in every casino has its limit on the smallest and largest bets that a player can place. In between these limits, players can bet any amount they wish.

Table layout

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In American roulette, the table layout is divided into sections composed of individual number bets and group bets. Inside bets are those bets made on individual numbers, adjacent numbers, or even small groups of numbers. Betting on a group of 12 or more numbers - like dozens, red, odd numbers, etc. - are referred to as outside bets.

The roulette sections

At present, the American roulette wheel is composed of 38 sections. The sections are numbered from 1 to 36, with two more sections of "0" and "00". As explained earlier, the two zero sections give the house a 5.26% advantage, compared to the European roulette has a 2.70% advantage, having only one zero section. This is probably the first difference between the American and European roulette versions, although there are a few more.


The colour of the chips is another factor that sets apart American and European roulette. European roulette players have to use chips that are of the same colour, which can make for some complex games, in particular for beginners. In American roulette, the players get to use differently coloured chips, allowing them to distinguish their chips from that of other players'. One more difference between American and European roulette is that the European croupier uses a "rake" for gathering all the chips, while the American roulette dealer simply sweeps in the chips with his hands.